More than ever we need the geographer’s skills and foresight to help us learn about the planet – how we use it and how we abuse it.” (Michael Palin)

The importance of Geography: Why do we study it?

We live in a world of amazing beauty, infinite complexity and rigorous challenge. Geography is the subject which opens the door to this dynamic world and prepares each one of us for the role of global citizen in the 21st century. Through studying geography, people of all ages begin to appreciate how places and landscapes are formed, how people and environments interact, what consequences arise from our everyday decisions, and what a diverse range of cultures and societies exist and interconnect. Geography is a subject which builds on young people’s own experiences, helping them to formulate questions, develop their intellectual skills and find answers to issues affecting their lives. It introduces them to distinctive investigative tools such as maps, fieldwork and the use of powerful digital communication technologies. It opens their eyes to the beauty and wonder around them and acts as a source of inspiration and creativity. More than this, it ensures that they appreciate the complexity of attitudes and values which shape the way we use and misuse the environment. Through geography, people learn to value and care for the planet and all its inhabitants. You will find that Geography at GCSE is an interesting, relevant and challenging subject; equally important is that students have enjoyed it. A significant number continue to A2 and to Geography or related subjects at university.

Click here for the IGCSE Geography course summary

Click here to access past papers


The following links are a good place to start for reading around the topics

Urban environments Topic overview

Hazards Topic overview

Coasts Topic overview

Globalisation Topic overview

Economic Activity & Energy Topic overview